WHAT ARE THE Therapeutic Approaches Commonly Used to Treat PTSD (POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER)?
Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) involves working with cognitions to
change emotions, thoughts, and behaviours. Exposure
therapy is one form of CBT that is unique to trauma treatment. It uses careful, repeated, detailed imagining
of the trauma (exposure) in a safe, controlled context to help the survivor
face and gain control of the fear and distress that was overwhelming during the
trauma. In some cases, trauma memories or reminders can be confronted all at
once (“flooding”). For other individuals or traumas, it is preferable
to work up to the most severe trauma gradually by using relaxation techniques
and by starting with less upsetting life stresses or by taking the trauma one
piece at a time (“desensitization”).
Along with exposure, CBT for trauma includes:
1- Learning skills for coping with anxiety (such as breathing
retraining or biofeedback) and negative thoughts
Preparing for stress reactions (“stress inoculation”).
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