WHAT IS THE CRITIQUE OF PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY IN MENTAL HEALTH?
The psychoanalytic model states that
people are dominated by instinctive biological drives and unconscious desires
and motives. The model presents human
behaviour as negativistic and deterministic, which minimizes rationality and
the freedom self-determination. At a
group level, violent, war and other such phenomena are seen as an inevitable
product of aggressive and destructive instincts present in human nature.
Freud’s ideas have now been revised or discarded due to
subsequent research findings. The psychoanalytic model is no longer widely used
as a way of organizing scientific observations of psychopathology. However,
psychotherapy is still widely used and influential. Two of Freud’s contributions are of particular
1-Freud developed important psychoanalytic techniques
such as free association and dream analysis as a way of becoming acquainted
with the conscious and unconscious aspects of the individual’s mind. This
information led Freud to argue the importance of: –
*A-Dynamic forces of unconscious motives and ego defence.
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