WHAT IS THE PSYCHOANALYTICAL APPROACH OF HUMAN BEHAVIOUR?
One of the most familiar and
influential approaches to human behaviour is psychoanalysis, developed by
Sigmund Freud. Where the previous approaches were formulated on the basis of
mainly experimental studies, Freud based his theories upon intensive case studies
of a considerable range of patients.
Psychoanalysis focuses on
unconscious mental activities. According to Freud, much of the individual’s
observable behaviour is influenced by wishes, desires or fears which the
individual has learned to suppress because they are not socially acceptable. As
a child develops, it learns that some feelings and desires are unacceptable
hence, these wishes, desires and fears are buried deep in the mind, leading to
the development of the unconscious.
According to Freud, these unconscious impulses still find expression
through dreams, fantasies, slips of the tongue, symptoms of mental illness, as
well as in artistic expression, with an individual’s psychological history
playing an immense role in particular behaviour patterns.
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