WHAT IS THE COGNITIVE THERAPY IN MENTAL HEALTH?

PRIVATE PSYCHOTHERAPY CLINIC -SENIOR ACCREDITED PSYCHOTHERAPIST-Dr.Fawzy Masaoud-LONDON, ENGLAND

Cognitive Therapy is  an active, directive, time-limited,  structured approach used to treat a variety of  psychiatric  disorders (for example,depression, anxiety, pain problems, phobias, etc.).It  is based on an underlying theoretical rationale that an individual’s  affect (moods, emotions) and behaviour are largely determined by the way in which he construes the world; that is, how a person thinks determines how he feels and reacts (Beck, 1967, 1976). His thoughts      (cognition) are verbal or pictorial mental events in hisstream of consciousness. These cognition are based on attitudes or assumptions (schema) developed from early  experience.For example, if a person is concerned about whether or        not he is competent and adequate, he may be operating on the schema,“

Unless I do everything perfectly, I’m  a failure.” Consequently, he may  think about a situation in terms of adequacy even when the situation is unrelated to whether or not he is personally competent.The symptoms of a disorder are related to the content of the patient’sthinking. For example, people who develop depression have schemas concerned with self-deprecation;  those developing anxiety states have schemas concerned with the

 anticipationof  personal harm; paranoid patients are controlled by thinking patterns relevant tounjustified abuse orpersecution.

Cognitive Therapy techniques are designed to identify, reality-test, and correct maladaptive, distorted cognition and the dysfunctional beliefs (schemas) underlying these cognition. The patient learns to master problems and situations that he previously considered insuperable byreevaluating  and correcting  his thinking.The cognitive therapist  teaches thepatient to think  more realistically  and adaptively, thus    reducing symptoms.

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